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THE ANATOMY OF A BOXER

Anatomy refers to the study of physical structure of animals. When we look at a dog, much of what we see is the result of the growth of the bones, muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons. The bones and muscles give the dog its general conformation or shape.
: TOPOGRAPHICAL ANATOMY :     : SKELETAL ANATOMY :     : MUSCULATION :

CLICK HERE FOR BOXER BODY STLE COMPARISONS



TOPOGRAPHICAL ANATOMY

Original drawing from the JKC Illustrated Breed Standards
 1 Nape of neck
 2 Crest of neck
 3 Tailset
 4 Long Pelvis
 5 Body behind the tail (protuberance)
 6 Breech width- well developed
 7 Well developed muscles
 8 Hock
 9 Rear pastern
10 Second (lower) thigh - broad
11 Bend of stifle
12 First (Upper) thigh - broad
13 End of ribcage - well ribbed back
14 Graceful curve of underline
      15 Lowest point of ribcage
16 Stopper pad
17 Cat feet
18 Slightly sloping pasterns
19 Upper Arm
20 Forechest or breastbone
21 Shoulderblade - 45 degrees
22 Clean (dry) neck
23 Flews
24 Chin -repandous
25 Top lip curves outwards from under nose
26 Muzzle
27 Stop
28 Top of skull - slightly arched


Straight red lines represents the angulation of the dog.

Red lines A represent the SHOULDER ANGULATION and should appear equal in length and the angle where they meet should be approx. 90 to 110 degrees.

Red lines B represent the HIND ANGULATION and should appear equal in length and the angle where they meet should be approx. 90 to 110 degrees. This creates BALANCE



Green lines C should be equal in length.
Top of withers to brisket = brisket to ground.

Blue lines D should be equal in length.
Point of shoulder to point of buttock = top of wither to ground.

The broken red line - If a line were drawn from the center of the shoulderblade perpendicular to the ground, it should end at the big pad of the front foot. This is the center of gravity for the front assembly.

The broken yellow line - Ribage extending far to the rear giving a short loin area.

Gold Line The height of the rear pastern is one third the height from the haunch bone to the ground.

Withers - clearly defined
Back - straight (not level)
Loin - short
Croup - slightly sloping


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SKELETAL ANATOMY



The Spinal Column


The Frontal View



The Ribcage and Forechest

Thirteen pairs of ribs house the heart and lungs. The heart rests on the sternum bone between the third and eigth rib.


A - is the ideal ribcage shape for a Boxer. It has a gentle S curve to the rear which allows plenty of heart room
and gives the desired fill between the front legs

B - does not have the gently curve as the sternum cuts back abruptly and the dog has a slight "Pigeon Chest"


C - the sternum cuts back sharply limiting room for the heart and there is no fill between the front legs creating a "catherdral front "


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General Anatomy of a Dog in Detail
Original drawing by the late Wally Young



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MUSCULAR ANATOMY


The primary function of muscles is to bring about movement to all or a part of the dog's body. There are three types of muscles:-
  • Smooth - Smooth muscles are found within the internal organs such as the intestines, stomach, and bladder. These are not subject to voluntary or conscious control by the individual. They function automatically to satisfy the body's needs.

  • Striated - Striated muscles are predominately attached to the skeleton. All of their movements are under the conscious control of the individual. They are involved with such things as walking, eating, tail wagging, eye movement, etc.

  • Heart - is just what it sounds like. Heart muscle beats rhythmically on its own due to Pacemaker Cells in the Myocardium which discharge and cause the involuntary heartbeat as these fall under the category of involuntary muscles. The Myocardium is just the thickest middle layer of the heart wall and Pacemaker Cells are just cells that set and keep a pace within the heart synchronised properly.


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| Home | Judging Type | History & Purpose | Temperament | Colour | The Side View | From the Front | The Head |
| More Heads | The Body | From the Rear | Movement | Standards | Anatomy | Famous Sires | Photo Gallery | Links |
| Differences Around the World | Body Style Comparisions | Beautiful Heads | Eye Shape | The Skull Shape | Optical Illusions |
| How Structure affects Movement | Choosing a Puppy | Boxer Books | Contact Me |
| Tell a friend |


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